Meldonium is used to treat heart conditions which cause a restriction in blood flow to certain areas of the body, such as the legs, feet, arms, and hands.
Such conditions can include:
Peripheral Artery Disease
The effects of these disorder can prove debilitating, as numbness, tingling sensations, and other side effects of poor circulation can continue to escalate. In some cases, poor circulation can lead to the amputation of limbs and appendages. Untreated circulatory problems can also lead to organ damage, organ failure, and death.
In patients with these or similar medical conditions who have access to Meldonium, the medication works by causing the blood vessels to dilate, allowing for greater blood flow and oxygen delivery throughout the body. Typically use of Meldonium lasts for four to six weeks, but the period of use can be extended by doctors.
Short Term Effects of Meldonium
While Meldonium is intended to help treat potentially life-threatening or disabling heart conditions, patients taking the anti-ischemic drug may experience a variety of side effects. Irregular heartbeat, changes in blood pressure, and and allergic reactions are among the most dangerous potential side effects.
Like most medications, Meldonium use should be closely monitored by medical professionals.
Long Term Effects of Meldonium
There are no long term effects of Meldonium on the heart or liver.
The Effects of Meldonium in the Sports World
Since Maria Sharapova came forward confessing to use of Meldonium, which was recently banned by the World Anti-Doping Agency, several other international athletes have been involved in scandals revolving the use of illegal performance-enhancing drugs. Several Russian athletes have been banned from competing internationally, while the International Olympic Committee has taken measures to retest drug samples from the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games prior to the 2016 Rio Olympics. Stricter regulations by both organizations are changing the face of international competitions.
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